Iranian Supreme Leader Khamenei, Iranian
Officials Speak Out Against Iranian Approval of JPCOA
October 18, 2015
On October 18, 2015, the day set
as Adoption Day for the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), the Iranian
leadership continues to come out with statements opposing Iran's approval of it.
In the past few days, Iranian
officials have clarified that Iran's Majlis, Supreme National Security Council,
and Guardian Council have not approved the JCPOA; Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei
tweeted, and posted on his Facebook page, an announcement titled
"Negotiation With America Is Forbidden"; and other Iranian officials
have stated that Iran is expecting the U.S. to announce that the sanctions have
been terminated, not suspended as the JCPOA stipulates.
Khamenei's Facebook and Twitter announcement: "For America negotiations with the Islamic Republic of Iran means penetration. This is their definition of negotiation and they want to open the way for imposition. Negotation with America is forbidden, because of its countless detriments and because of alleged advantages of which it has none whatsoever." @Khamenei_ir, October 16, 2015.
In light of these developments, it
is not clear whether Iran will officially announce its "adoption" of
the JCPOA. It is also not clear whether the U.S. will announce its
suspension of sanctions and the E.U. will announce its termination of sanctions,
as per the agreement.
The following are statements by
Iranian officials on the matter:
Guardian Council secretary-general Ayatollah
Jannati said in his October 16, 2015 Friday sermon in Tehran: "There are
those who think that approval by the Majlis means approval of the execution of
the agreement in Iran. This is not so. Majlis approval regarding the nuclear
agreement is not [approval of] its execution. The nuclear agreement was
discussed in the Supreme National Security Council and council members expressed
their opinion about it and gave their approval regarding its execution. But
Leader [Khamenei] still has not signed it. The Majlis's work concerns the
framework of the nuclear agreement, that is, it places on the government the
responsibility for carrying out the reciprocal steps in exchange for
"Caution should be taken, because the
side that we are facing [i.e. the U.S.] customarily breaks its
promises and does not keep them. What the P5+1 does in the matter of executing
the nuclear agreement must be examined...
"The termination of the sanctions must be
taken seriously. If they are terminated, it is a sign that the nuclear talks and
agreement have yielded results. But if the other side breaks its promises and
instead of terminating the sanctions [merely] freezes or suspends them, this
shows that the nuclear agreement was useless. Our hope is that the sanctions
will be terminated...
"If we do not stand fast against the
other side, then the next day they will say that we must officially recognize
Israel, give equal rights to men and women, cancel executions, sever relations
with Hizbullah, and so on."
On October 17, 2015, Guardian Council
spokesman Nejatollah Ebrahimian said: "The [Guardian] Council did not
approve the JCPOA, but rather the Majlis plan on the JCPOA. This means that
neither the Majlis nor the Guardian Council have approved the content of JCPOA
[itself] – which constitutes neither opposition nor agreement to the content
[of the JCPOA]. The JCPOA remains a political document, not a legal one."
A few days earlier, on October 14, 2015,
Majlis speaker Ali Larijani said: "We agreed to the negotiations because we
wanted the sanctions on Iran terminated. These negotiations became an agreement,
so that the sanctions would be terminated and the nuclear knowledge would
continue and not stop... The JCPOA was examined at various conferences, and we
explicitly approved it in the Majlis. If the other side does not terminate the
sanctions, [the nuclear facility at] Natanz will renew its activity."
He also said, on October 18, 2015: "The
JCPOA was not immediately approved in the Majlis; there was a process, and the
Supreme National Security Council was involved in this, and eventually this
agreement was reached. Some opposed the JCPOA, and some agreed to it, but the
strongest opinion was to define a framework and set conditions [for executing
the JCPOA], and this opinion was eventually accepted...
"We have not approved the JCPOA in the
way that the other side [i.e. the U.S.] has said. We also have not
said that it should be executed as is, but rather that the JCPOA should be
placed in the framework of the steps taken by the Supreme National Security
Council. Ultimately, this council's approvals are sent for the approval of the
"We felt there was a risk in the matter
of the termination of the sanctions, or of their reinstatement by the Western
side on various pretexts. In this situation, we must stop the agreement and
produce 190,000 [centrifuge] SWU [Separative Work Units] within two years.
Additionally, Iran could be threatened militarily, and in this case as well the
nuclear agreement must be stopped.
"Likewise, the inspections must be
conducted according to international law, and there is an absolute ban on
inspections of military centers and national security [sites] except with the
approval of the Supreme National Security Council, [and this requires] the
ultimate approval of the Leader [Khamenei]."
 Fars (Iran), October 16, 2015.
 Kayhan (Iran), October 18, 2015.
 Tasnim (Iran), October 14, 2015.
 Tasnim (Iran), October 18, 2015.