The Israeli Raid on Iraq’s
Nuclear Reactor, By One Who Was There
Speech Delivered to 2016 UN Watch Gala Dinner
This mission was 35 years ago,
which is a lot of time. For 10 years, we were forbidden to talk about it — it
was top, top, top secret.
Then after the first Gulf War,
when Saddam Hussein wasn’t that big anymore, we were allowed to start and
brief about it, mostly in the air force, and some other places in the Israeli
And for 10 years, I was speaking
about these sorties. After 10 years, I said enough is enough. And the last 15
years, I basically refused to talk about it. But I cannot resist Alfred.
[Ambassador Alfred Moses, Chair of UN Watch.]
And since you ask, it is an
important mission in the history of Israel, because never before was a nuclear
reactor pre-empted to save a nation.
There was an attack, even in WWII,
on nuclear facilities, but it was not a case of one tactical mission that
basically decided the fate of a nation and the history.
But as a young fighter pilot —
you know today from my sixties, 30-years-old today looks to me very young
— a young fighter pilot, you are not interested in history.
You’re interested in taking your
flying machine, flying 1,000 kilometers, which is beyond what the designer of
the airplane thought that it can fly without refueling — we didn’t
have refueling capabilities in the early 80s; without GPS; without even a
reconnaissance picture of the target; and do all this in time of a war. Iran and
Iraq were in a war at the time. So the level of alert and readiness was very,
And you come to an area where
there are no mountains, a valley between the two rivers, the Euphrates and the
Tigris. And you know that you will be discovered and be picked up by the early
warning radars. So a very tough mission for a fighter pilot.
But every pilot in the squadron was
fighting to be in the group of eight and to fly.
So it was a professional mission,
but I always, between year 10 to year 20 when I spoke about it, I say: the
heroes of this mission, this historical mission are not the pilots. The heroes
are those who have taken the decision to do it. This is leadership, this is a
leadership that takes tough decisions, even if they know what are the risks and
And I was lucky enough in 2007 to
be among those decision-makers, and only then I understood myself why it’s so
important and so difficult to be the decision-maker, because…
Let me end this part of the
interview with a small anecdote. In the Israeli air force, the culture is
that every second lieutenant can challenge a general or the commander of the
squadron or the commander of the wing, the commander of the base.
And, among the eight pilots, there
was only one pilot who had not participated before in the Yom Kippur War. And he
raised his hand in the briefing and asked the air force commander:
“Look, we are going to destroy
the nuclear reactor of Iraq, but I think this is very risky. According to all
our calculations, four out of eight will not come back. We will destroy the
nuclear reactor, but the Iraqis will have more motivation. They have a lot of
money from oil, and the French will sell a reactor to whoever gives them a
billion dollars. And within two years, there will be a new reactor there. So
what are we doing? Is this worthwhile?”
Interesting question to the air
force commander general. The air force commander general was about to answer it,
but there was one general with a higher rank there, the chief of staff, the
Ramatkal, Raful Eitan. A farmer from a moshav, I suspect he never graduated
high school, but he gave a speech that I will take with me until my last day, on
the difference between theory and practice.
And he said, “You know, it will
not be two years. Because until Saddam Hussein will understand what happened,
and he will have to think whether the Israelis will come again, and he already
allocated his money, and the French may be hesitating to sell. It will not
be two years, it will be five years. And for five years, you can risk your life.
Because you volunteered to be a pilot, and that is a mission to do.”
Thank God, it’s 35 years, and
maybe even more.