Bolton is Right About the U.N.
By Bret Stephens
New York Times
March 23, 2018
In 1994, John Bolton said that if the United Nations
Secretariat building in New York “lost 10 stories, it wouldn’t make a bit of
difference.” The quote makes an appearance nearly every time Bolton’s
critics compile a hit parade of his alleged infamies.
My question is: Why is the remark even controversial?
The U.N. is a never-ending scandal disguised as an
everlasting hope. The hope is that dialogue can overcome distrust and collective
security can be made to work in the interests of humanity. Reality says
otherwise. Trust is established by deeds, not words. Collective security is a
recipe for international paralysis or worse. Just ask the people of Aleppo.
As for the scandals — where to start? U.N. peacekeepers
caused a cholera epidemic in Haiti that so far has taken 10,000 lives. Yet it
took U.N. headquarters six years to acknowledge responsibility. An Associated
Press investigation found “nearly 2,000 allegations of sexual abuse
and exploitation by peacekeepers and other personnel around the world” over a
12-year period, including 300 allegations involving children. “But only a
fraction of the alleged perpetrators served jail time.”
In Rwanda in 1994, U.N.
peacekeepers all-but abandoned the country at the outset of genocide
that took at least 500,000 lives. In Bosnia in 1995, U.N. peacekeepers stepped
aside in Srebrenica and allowed more than 7,000 men and boys to be killed and
countless women raped. It’s a similar story in Sri Lanka in 2009 and South
Sudan in 2016.
And then there are comparatively lesser scandals. Like Oil
for Food, the multibillion-dollar program intended to feed hungry Iraqi children
and used by Saddam Hussein in a kickback scheme involving a
rogue’s gallery of international enablers. Or the use of U.N. schools in
store weaponsaimed at Israel. Or the 2016 admission by
a U.N. oversight body that some U.N. agencies “continue to remain in
a state of near denial with regard to fraud.”
Confronted with the record of failure, U.N. defenders
typically deflect and demand: the former, by pointing to the bad behavior of
individual states as the cause of U.N. failures; the latter, by insisting that
the U.N.’s core problem is a dearth of financial resources and legal
The arguments aren’t baseless. More permissive rules of
engagement might have helped prevent some atrocities. Less obstructive behavior
by Security Council members might have prevented others.
But they’re also misleading. Contrary to the belief that
the U.N. runs on a shoestring, total expenditure for the U.N. system in 2016 was
around $49 billion. That’s up 22 percent since 2010. And the abuse of the U.N.
system by states such as Russia to protect clients like Bashar al-Assad is a
feature of the system, not a bug.
So is the chronic mismanagement. Two years ago, Anthony
Banbury, a former assistant U.N. secretary general, wrote
an op-ed for The Timesexplaining why he resigned his job. “I was
unprepared for the blur of Orwellian admonitions and Carrollian logic that
govern” U.N. headquarters, he recalled:
“If you locked a team of evil geniuses in a laboratory,
they could not design a bureaucracy so maddeningly complex, requiring so much
effort but in the end incapable of delivering the intended result. The system is
a black hole into which disappear countless tax dollars and human aspirations,
never to be seen again.”
And that’s from a self-described believer in
the U.N.’s ideals and mission. But the truth of the U.N. is probably worse,
since fixes to the system never seem to work.
The U.N. adopted what were supposed to be landmark reforms
more than a decade ago. Yet the mismanagement, corruption, abuses and moral
perversities remain. Iran sits on the executive board of the Commission on the
Status of Women. The Syrian regime is represented on the U.N.’s Special
Committee on Decolonization, dedicated to “respect for self-determination of
all peoples.” In October, Zimbabwe’s Robert Mugabe was named
a good-will ambassador by the World Health Organization, until an outcry
forced the director general to think better of it.
It is, of course, possible to dismiss all this as trivial
— who cares who the WHO names as its good-will ambassador? If so, it attests
to the truth of Bolton’s quip about the U.N. losing 10 floors. Fifteen might
Except it isn’t trivial. “Imagine if the U.N. was going
to the United States and raping children and bringing cholera,” Mario Joseph,
a Haitian lawyer seeking compensation for the U.N.’s victims, told the A.P.
“Human rights aren’t just for rich white people.” That point ought to
resonate with the U.N.’s usual defenders, whose idealism rarely seems dented,
and only occasionally informed, by experience.
In the meantime, we’ll all have a collective freak-out over the next national security adviser. I agree with Bolton about some things and disagree about others. But on the U.N. he’s been right all along. If his presence in the White House helps to scare the organization into real reform, so much the better.